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Autism spectrum disorders and oral health status: review of the literature
Pubblication date: 03/2020
Authors: G.F. Ferrazzano*-**, C. Salerno**, C. Bravaccio***, A. Ingenito**, G. Sangianantoni**, T. Cantile**
Institution: *UNESCO Chair in Health Education and Sustainable Development: Oral Health in Paediatric age, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
**Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive and Oral Sciences, School of Paediatric Dentistry, University of Naples, Federico II, Naples, Italy
***Department of Translational Medical Science - Pediatric Section, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
Publication: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Title: Autism spectrum disorders and oral health status: review of the literature
Abstract: Aim Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterised by impairments in communication and social relationships and by a narrow, repetitive and stereotyped repertoire of activities, behaviours and interests. The aim of this work is to evaluate how these characteristics have an impact on oral health.
Materials and methods A search was conducted through MEDLINE/PubMed and Web of Science in order to evaluate the oral health status of children with ASD and the correlation between ASD and dental caries, periodontal disease, dental injuries, oral microbiota, as well as the different strategies, approach and treatments in ASD patients. Forty-six articles were selected.
Results Children with ASD are at higher risk of caries, alteration of the periodontal status, alterations of the oral microbiota and increased risk of traumatic injuries.
Conclusion Since ASD is a haeterogeneous disease with a wide range of expressions in individuals, adapted and specific strategies are needed. ASD children represent a challenge for the dental community.