Title: Oral surgery in paediatric dentistry: type of surgical treatment and age distribution in a Public Dental Service in Northern Italy
Abstract: Aim To describe the organisation of the oral dental surgery service of the Department of Pediatric Odontostomatology and Orthodontics, “G. Gaslini” Hospital of Genoa (Italy), as well as type and frequency of the interventions carried out in the considered period of time.
Materials and methods Study design: Descriptive retrospective aepidemiological study about the access and surgery interventions in the years 2015–2018 and the first semester of 2019. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Odontostomatology and Orthodontics of the “G. Gaslini” Hospital of Genoa, Italy, in which treatment is offered to children and adolescents aged between 0–14 years, to whom continuity of care is ensured also after this age range, and to special needs patients, even older that 18 years. The clinical data were extracted from the Hospital database and then statistically analysed with the SPSS programme.
Results Out of a total of 27,663 subjects, the patients who required oral surgery were 1,928 corresponding to 6.96%, for a total of 2,499 surgical interventions of which 1,667 were performed as outpatient surgery (dental chair) and 832 in the operating theatre. All the surgeries were performed by the same three doctors. In the group of patients under 18 years (1,773 subjects) the average age is 9.22 years; it should be underscored that over 70% of oral surgeries are performed on subjects between 7 and 13 years.
Conclusions Given the low frequency of paediatric oral surgery, this type of intervention should be entrusted to operators and structures that have a wider experience in such cases in order to ensure the highest levels of safety.