Abstract: Dear Dr. Garcovich and Dr. Aiuto,
We truly appreciate your interest in European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry.
As you know, the aim and scope of the European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry has always been to promote research in all aspects of dentistry related to children, including interceptive orthodontics and studies on children and young adults with special needs.
I strongly believe that orthodontic subjects play a leading role in a paediatric journal. Malocclusion is considered the third priority for oral health disease according to the World Health Organization. An orthodontic problem can affect several oral functions such as chewing, swallowing and speaking [Mohd Toseef Khan et al., 2013] and we also know that malocclusion in primary dentition represents a relevant risk factor for further occlusal disorders related to either mixed and permanent dentitions [Stahl et al., 2008]. According to a recent study [Lombardo et al., 2020], malocclusion reaches the highest worldwide prevalence (54%) since early childhood, during the deciduous dentition period, and keeps unvaried this standard up to permanent dentition (54%). Relying on these prevalence data, malocclusions represent a relevant oral health problem as well as an economic burden for either the families of affected children or dental health public services. Nowadays, health care is stronger and paediatric dentistry should be carried out by a team able to deal adequately with children’s health in every field, from prevention to illness, from the birth to the growth.
Our editorial choice of publishing also case reports is explained by the fact that EJPD wishes to engage also younger paediatric dentists. These scientifically-based reports can serve as a clinical guide and a good growth point for their clinical activity. The research alone might be, in some cases, too distant from everyday practice. In addition, young colleagues motivated by clinical needs, though close to the university doctrine, request the “paradigm of scientific knowledge”, that starts from university doctrine, to get into clinical practice. The appropriate balance between the two should however be considered. One solution would be to apply more restrictive criteria to case reports and request to scientific researchers to add a clinical illustration of their studies.
Regarding the online impact of EJPD, the web domain, as a means of communication of scientific research, has resulted in a new form of production, circulation and evaluation of research results. While the impact factor is the indicator that evaluates the scientific output and the attention that a journal draws, today we must also consider the social impact of the journal on the public. Although investing in a web presence can promote increased public exposure of the journal, the research in the field shows that impact factor is not affected by it.
SIOI (Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry) is currently working on this topic, producing scientific contents free of charge available online in a “digital language” for the social media audience, whether practitioners or patients.
I shall conclude by saying that the scientific editorial board will keep up with social technology, respecting the “old and strict rules” of scientific publishing. EJPD is doing this.