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Oral health conditions in Wilsonís disease patients: A clinical diagnostic study
Pubblication date: 06/2020
Authors: G.F. Ferrazzano1,2, G. Sangianantoni1, F. Desiderio1, A. Ingenito1, R. Iorio3, F. Di Dato3, M. Matarazzo4, T. Cantile1
Institution: 1Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive and Oral Sciences, School of Paediatric Dentistry, University of Naples, Federico II, Naples, Italy
2Staff of Unesco Chair for Health Education and Sustainable Development*
3Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Section of Pediatrics, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
4Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Section of Internal Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
* www.unescochairnapoli.it for any other detail on chair objectives, programs and staff organization).
Publication: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Title: Oral health conditions in Wilsonís disease patients: A clinical diagnostic study
Abstract: Aim The aims of this study were: To evaluate oral health conditions, oral health behaviours and eating habits in Wilsonís disease (WD) patients; to assess the possible relationship between oral health status and long-term pharmacological therapies undertaken.
Methods Sixty WD patients were selected and their data were compared to those of an age-matched control group of 62 subjects. Clinical examinations were carried out and a questionnaire on oral health behaviours and eating habits was submitted to both groups. WD patients were interviewed on long-term pharmacological therapies undertaken. Statistical analysis was performed.
Results The mean DMFT value was 3.75Ī4.65 in the WD group and 2.81Ī4.65 in the control group. The difference in the mean DMFT value between the two groups was not statistically significant. Modified Dental Enamel Defects (DDE) Index showed significantly higher values in WD group than in control group. No statistical differences in Visible Plaque Index (VPI), Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI) and malocclusions were observed between groups. In relation to the questionnaire, the differences between groups were statistically significant for: dental visits in a year; brushing teeth after a snack; drinking soft beverages; using mouthwash. For WD patients no statistical correlation between oral health status and long-term pharmacological therapies undertaken was observed.
Conclusion WD patients did not show worse oral health conditions than the control group, despite worse oral health behaviours and eating habits. Nerveless, WD patients showed higher presence of dental enamel defects. Finally, for WD group oral health status was not correlated to the long-term pharmacological therapies.