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Child coping strategies, dental anxiety and dental treatment: the influence of age, gender and childhood caries prevalence
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  12/2005

Authors:  P. van Meurs*, K.E. Howard**,***, J. Versloot*, J.S.J. Veerkamp*, R. Freeman***

Language:  English

Institution:  * Depts of Cariology, Endontology, Pedodontology, ACTA, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam; **Paediatric Dentistry, Royal Group of Hospitals Trust, and ***Dental Public Health and Behavioural Sciences, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Children, Anxiety, Coping strategies, Pain

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Email:  J.Veerkamp@acta.nl


Title:  Child coping strategies, dental anxiety and dental treatment: the influence of age, gender and childhood caries prevalence

Abstract:  Aim This was to investigate what coping strategies are used by children, the efficacy of these strategies and the influences of age, gender, dental anxiety, pain experience and childhood caries prevalence (place of residence) upon the efficacy of the coping strategies used by Dutch (NL) children in The Netherlands and Northern Ireland (NI). Methods Convenience samples of Dutch and NI children were taken and asked to fill out a coping questionnaire (Dental Cope Questionnaire) and an anxiety schedule (CFSS-DS). Data were entered onto a SPSS database and subjected to frequency distributions, Chi-square analysis, t-tests and analysis of variance. Results The children used a wide variety of coping strategies in dealing with pain in dentistry. The most frequently used and those reported to have the greatest efficacy by the children in this investigation were cognitively based strategies. Different strategies were used in relation to place of residence, age and level of dental anxiety. The variance in the number of strategies used was significantly explained by the experienced pain during dental treatment. The efficacy of the coping strategies used was significantly explained by level of dental anxiety. Conclusions Dental coping strategies used by children seem to vary with age, dental anxiety and pain experience. This information can help dental practitioners to adjust his or her treatment to the child’s emotional needs.

 
 
 
 
 
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