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Self-perception regarding the need for orthodontic treatment among impoverished schoolchildren in Brazil
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  09/2009

Authors:  L.S. Marques*, M.L. Ramos-Jorge**, J. Ramos-Jorge***, L.J. Pereira*, S.M. Paiva***, I.A. Pordeus***

Language:  English

Institution:  *Department of Orthodontics, University of Vale do Rio Verde, Três Corações, Brazil **Department of Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry Federal University of Vale do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina, Brazil *** Department of Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  IOTN index; Orthodontic treatment; Orthodontic treatment need.

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Email:  lsmarques.prof@gmail.com


Title:  Self-perception regarding the need for orthodontic treatment among impoverished schoolchildren in Brazil

Abstract:  Aim The objectives of the present study were to assess predictive factors associated to self-perception regarding the need for orthodontic treatment among 170 impoverished schoolchildren. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in public schools in the city of Belo Horizonte-MG (Brazil). Children’s self-perception regarding the need for treatment was assessed using the Aesthetic Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN-AC) and a questionnaire addressing biopsychosocial factors. The chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were used in the data analysis. Results The predictive factors for the self-perception of orthodontic treatment need on the part of the impoverished schoolchildren included ridicule from persons close to the children regarding the appearance of the teeth (OR 2.81; 95%CI 1.2 to 6.4), dissatisfaction with oral aesthetics due to the alignment of the teeth (OR 2.45; 95%CI 1.1 to 5.4) and missing teeth (OR 3.02; 95%CI 1.0 to 9.23). Conclusion The alignment of the teeth, missing teeth and ridicule from others regarding the appearance of the teeth are the factors that most strongly influence self-perception regarding the need for orthodontic treatment among impoverished schoolchildren.

 
 
 
 
 
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