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Microbiological analysis of gingivitis in pediatric patients under orthodontic treatment
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  12/2011

Authors:  C. Cardoso-Silva1, E. Barbería2, J. A. Ramos Atance3, M. Maroto4, A. Hernández5, F. García-Godoy6

Language:  English

Institution:  Complutense University of Madrid, Spain 1Invited Auxiliary Professor, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Porto, Portugal. Assistant Doctor on the Program for Integral Odontological Treatment of Pediatric Patients. Complutense University of Madrid 2Director of the Program for Integral Odontological Treatment of Pediatric Patients, Complutense University of Madrid 3Department of Biochemistry, Complutense University of Madrid 4Assistant Professor on the Program for Integral Odontological Treatment of Pediatric Patients, Complutense University of Madrid 5Assistant Doctor, Program for Integral Odontological Treatment of Pediatric Patients, Complutense University of Madrid 6Professor, Senior Executive Associate Dean for Research, Director, Bioscience Research Center, College of Dentistry, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Crevicular fluid; Gingivitis; Gingival index; Metal allergies, Microbiological analysis; Orthodontics; Plaque index.

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Email:  cristinalsilva@mail.telepac.pt


Title:  Microbiological analysis of gingivitis in pediatric patients under orthodontic treatment

Abstract:  Aim The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between gingival inflammation and changes in bacteria of the gingival sulcus in children in orthodontic treatment with brackets. Materials and methods Study design: this prospective study assessed gingival and plaque index of two groups: children with brackets (Group 1) and without brackets (Group 2). The sample was selected from patients treated at the Faculty of Dentistry, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. Microbiological assessment was performed in every child and all data were statistically analysed. Results Group 1 showed significantly higher microbiological values and the difference was greater in lower teeth. Comparing the total plaque percentage, it was significantly higher in Group 1. Statistics: there was no significant correlation between gingival and plaque indexes in any group. No significant correlation was found between plaque index and bacteria. Conclusion Children using brackets showed significantly higher gingival and plaque indices than children without brackets. No direct relationship was found between the increase in gingival and plaque indices and the presence and quantity of bacteria; therefore it was not possible to identify specific bacteria as responsible for the high gingival index in patients with brackets.

 
 
 
 
 
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