ISSN (Online): 2035-648X
Fast search with keyword
It provides easy access to our database
  
 

 
   
 
Rapid maxillary expansion in children with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome (OSAS)
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  03/2012

Authors:  A. Marino1, R. Ranieri2, F. Chiarotti3, M.P. Villa4, C. Malagola1

Language:  English

Institution:  1Dentistry and Orthodontics Unit, NESMOS Department, “Sapienza” University of Rome, School of Medicine and Psicology, Italy 2Private Practice of Orthodontics, Rome, Italy 3Cell Biology and Neuroscience Department , ISS Rome, Italy 4 Paediatric Unit, NESMOS Department, “Sapienza” University of Rome, School of Medicine and Psicology, Italy

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  OSAS; Preschool children; Rapid maxillary expansion.

Full text:
[To open this file you have to be a registered user]


Title:  Rapid maxillary expansion in children with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome (OSAS)

Abstract:  Aim to evaluate the effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in a group of OSAS preschool children. Methods Lateral cephalograms of 15 OSAS children (8 boys and 7 girls, age mean±SD: 5.94±1.64 years) were analysed at the start of treatment with RME (T0). All subjects were revaluated after a mean period of 1.57±0.58 years (T1). At this time the sample was divided into 2 groups according to the change in the respiratory disturbance index (RDI): an improved group (I: 8 subjects) and a stationary/worsened group (SW: 7 subjects). Differences between I and SW children with respect to values of cephalometric variables at T0 and to variations between T0 and T1 were evaluated using Mann-Whitney U test. Differences between T0 and T1 values in the overall group of children and separately in I and SW groups were assessed using Wilcoxon test. Results At the start of treatment, the I group was characterised by more retrognathic jaws with lower values of SNA (p=0.055) and SNB (p=0.020) and higher age values (p=0.093) when compared to SW group. After treatment, the I group showed an increase in SNA and SNB angle significantly higher than SW group (p=0.004 and p=0.003, respectively). On the contrary, I and SW groups did not differ as for variation in the skeletal divergency and in the total facial height. Conclusion OSAS preschool children with retrognathic jaws could benefit from RME treatment.

 
 
 
 
 
Home   |   Editorial Board   |   Referees   |   Current issue   |   Article submission   |   Links   |   Contact us

Editor in chief: dott. Luigi Paglia [email protected]
European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry © | ISSN (Online): 2035-648X |
Privacy Policy | Term of use