Abstract: Aim Erosion of dental hard tissues induced by acidic dietary components is a high-prevalence finding, especially among children and adolescents. Acidic soft drinks are frequently implicated in dental erosion. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess if CPP-ACP preparation is capable of reducing enamel erosion caused by a cola-type drink.
Materials and methods Twenty five sound human permanent premolars, extracted for orthodontic reasons in patients of 12-16 years old, were used. The roots were removed and the crowns were sectioned in order to obtain 3 enamel sections from each tooth. The specimens were immersed in: (A) cola-type drink; (B) cola-type drink plus CPP-ACP; (C) deionised water (control) for: 48 h, 24 h, 12 h, 6 h and 3 h, respectively. pH values were constantly monitored. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA. The enamel samples were evaluated for surface changes using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
Results Specimens subjected to cola-type drink (treatment A) showed wide areas of enamel dissolution, while the treatment B specimens showed a few areas of little enamel erosion, different from control samples. Adding CPP-ACP to the cola-type drinks influenced pH levels of the solutions, but always in the acidity range.
Conclusion CPP-ACP provides protection against dental erosion from cola-type drinks in vitro. Therefore, further studies are necessary to evaluate if adding casein phosphopeptide-stabilised amorphous calcium phosphate complex to acidic cola drinks could reduce their erosive potential in vivo as well.