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Public Community Orthodontics in Italy. Description of an experience

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  09/2013

Authors:  R. Ferro, A.Besostri, G. Denotti**, G. Campus*

Language:  English

Institution:  Dental Unit – Cittadella Hospital - Health District No. 15 "Alta Padovana”, Italy *Department of Surgery and Microsurgery, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy **Department of Surgery and Dentistry, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Community dentistry; Italy; Orthodontics; Social class.

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Title:  Public Community Orthodontics in Italy. Description of an experience

Abstract:  Aim To assess the reliability and simplicity of a method chosen for selecting subjects to be treated in the orthodontic system and for the acceptance of the method by the community. Materials and methods 490 orthodontic patients received full dental examination. For each patient a table was prepared for the detection of malocclusion in which the occlusal characteristics according to the Norwegian Orthodontic Treatment Index (NOTI), the molar class and the teeth present were recorded. The parents of the examined children completed a questionnaire aimed at identifying their social ranking. In the same questionnaire, how many siblings the patient had was also asked. Each of the three parameters were rated alphanumerically and a score of 1 was given to each child; the sum of three scores gave the final result for the subject. Acceptance of the procedure in the general community was evaluated by the number of complaints received by the Public Relations Office (URP). Results The social classes most represented in the sample are “blue collar class” (42.2%) and “white collar class” (35.6%). There was an average of 2.1 children per family (SD=0.6). The distribution of the type and grading of the treatment need was similar throughout the different social classes. Conclusion The chosen method proved reliable for two reasons: no complaints with the local URP and ease of application of the selected criteria.

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