ISSN (Online): 2035-648X
Fast search with keyword
It provides easy access to our database
  
 

 
   
 
Respiratory disorders in paediatric age: orthodontic diagnosis and treatment in dysmetabolic obese children and allergic slim children
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  09/2013

Authors:  L. Favero1, A. Arreghini2, F. Cocilovo3, V. Favero4

Language:  English

Institution:  1 MD, DDS, MSC Orth. Orthodontics, TMJ and DCLM Department, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Dental School, University of Padova, Padova, Italy 2 DDS, private practicioner Padova, Italy 3 DDS, DDS. TMJ and DCLM Department, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Dental School, University of Padova, Padova, Italy 4 MD, Unit of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Obesity; Oral breathing; OSAS; Respiratory disorders.

Full text:
[To open this file you have to be a registered user]

Email:  [email protected]


Title:  Respiratory disorders in paediatric age: orthodontic diagnosis and treatment in dysmetabolic obese children and allergic slim children

Abstract:  Aim Obesity and allergic susceptibility are worsening problems in the most industrialised countries. With different mechanisms, they both lead to a deterioration of children’s life quality because they affect the respiratory system, leading to asthma and respiratory disorders such as mouth breathing and obstructive sleep apnoea. The latter are related to specific types of malocclusions that require an early diagnosis and specific multidisciplinary treatment. The purpose of this work is to show the characteristic signs and symptoms of these disorders in children of the two phenotypes (allergic and slim, obese and dysmetabolic). Intercepting such issues allows both pediatricians and paediatric dentists to refer the child to a multidisciplinary team of specialists able to deal, in a holistic way, with both the physical and behavioural causes, and also with the consequences on systemic and craniofacial development in particular. Materials and methods The literature available on this topic in the years between 1997 and 2011 was reviewed, paying special attention to prevention, paediatric visits, diagnostic tools and treatment options for each of the two conditions. Conclusion Dysmetabolic obese children and allergic slim children have specific respiratory problems during rest and exercise. Mouth breathing and obstructive sleep apnoea are due to an abnormal craniofacial development and can cause serious systemic problems in adulthood. Intercepting early signs of pathognomonic symptoms of sleep aponea and mouth breathing permits to treat children with an early multidisciplinary approach, and allows for proper physical and psychological development of the child.

 
 
 
 
 
Home   |   Editorial Board   |   Referees   |   Current issue   |   Article submission   |   Links   |   Contact us

Editor in chief: dott. Luigi Paglia [email protected]
European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry © | ISSN (Online): 2035-648X |
Privacy Policy | Term of use