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Is oral health at risk in people with cystic fibrosis?
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  03/2001

Authors:  L.C. MARTENS, J.K.M. APS, G.O.G. VAN MAELE

Language:  English

Institution:  Dept. of Paediatric Dentistry & Special Care, Dept. of Medical Informatics & Statistics. Ghent University , Belgium.

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Cystic fibrosis, Oral health, Dental caries

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Title:  Is oral health at risk in people with cystic fibrosis?

Abstract:  It has been reported that cystic fibrosis (CF) patients have less caries than control subjects. Frequent antibiotic intake, which would decrease the number of bacteria in the oral cavity, and a higher salivary buffer capacity was thought to be responsible for this finding. More recently, a higher caries prevalence in CF adult patients has been reported. Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate the caries experience and the dental care index as well as the oral cleanliness in an age matched case-control study. Methods A total of 37 CF patients were age matched with 37 non-diseased controls; age ranged from 6 to 38 years with a mean of 16.3 years (SD ± 8.3). Data on DMF-T and DMF-S were collected by one researcher, who was calibrated according to the WHO and BASCD standards. The sample was divided into three age categories; < 13 years; 13 to 18 years; and > 18 years, respectively representing the primary school age, the secondary school age and adults. Results No statistical significant differences were found between CF patients and controls for DMF-T, DMF-S nor for the separate components D, M and F. There was no statistical significant difference between CF patients and controls regarding the dental care index (F/D+F) nor for the presence of plaque. There were statistical significant differences between age categories for caries experience and for dental care index in both study and control group. This was not found for plaque and significantly less bleeding sites were found in CF adults. Conclusions Consequently from this study, it could not be concluded that CF patients’oral health is at risk.

 
 
 
 
 
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