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Use of mini dental implants in ectodermal dysplasia children: follow-up of three cases

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  07/2014

Authors:  E. Sfeir, N. Nassif, C. Moukarzel

Language:  English

Institution:  Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Jounieh, Lebanon

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:   Child; Ectodermal dysplasia; Hypodontia; Mini dental implants; Paediatric dentistry.

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Title:  Use of mini dental implants in ectodermal dysplasia children: follow-up of three cases

Abstract:  Background Ectodermal dysplasia is a hereditary genodermatosis characterised by a congenital defect of ectodermal structures, causing tooth malformations and anomalies. Implantology has become accepted in these subjects. However cases are often complicated by a reduction in the size of the alveolar process, making the insertion of conventional implants difficult without bone grafting. The reduced diameter of mini-implants and their ease of insertion provide an interesting solution in supporting removable or fixed prosthesis. The purpose of this paper is to report the follow-up of three cases of children (11-12 year- old) with ectodermal dysplasia in which mini-implants were used to support the prostheses. Case reports In the first case, two mini-implants were inserted into the anterior part of the mandible for stabilising a removable denture (2 years follow-up). In the other two cases, mini-implants were inserted in the maxilla and mandible to replace missing front teeth with fixed prostheses. Patients were called for follow-up every 6 months: in the sencod case follow-up lasted 4 years in the mandible and 2 years in the maxilla; in the third case, 2 years in the maxilla and 1 year in the mandible. Conclusion The use of mini-implants in children with ectodermal dysplasia can enhance aesthetics, and functional and psychosocial development.

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European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry | ISSN (Online): 2035-648X |
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