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Effect of audiovisual distraction on children’s behaviour, anxiety and pain in the dental setting
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  09/2014

Authors:  F. Guinot Jimeno*, M. Mercadé Bellido*, C. Cuadros Fernández*, A.I. Lorente Rodríguez *, J. Llopis Pérez**, JR. Boj Quesada***

Language:  English

Institution:  * Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain ** Statistics Consultant, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain *** Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Anxiety; Audiovisual distraction; Behaviour; Child management; Pain.

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Title:  Effect of audiovisual distraction on children’s behaviour, anxiety and pain in the dental setting

Abstract:  Aim To evaluate whether the parental perception of the patient’s anxiety, children’s anxiety, pain, behaviour and heart rate of paediatric patients improves when an audiovisual technique is used as a distraction method during dental treatment. Materials and methods This non-randomised crossover trial was performed with 34 patients aged 6–8 years, who required a minimum of two treatment visits for restorative therapy. During the last visit, the patient was shown a cartoon film. Results There was a significant improvement in the global behaviour when children were shown a cartoon film (P < 0.001). A significant increase in heart rate was recorded in both visits (P = 0.0001) when the anaesthetic was injected. A 97% of the sample would like to continue seeing their chosen film during subsequent visits. No statistically significant differences were found (P > 0.05) between the visits in terms of parental perception of the patient’s anxiety, or the patient’s self-reported anxiety, pain and heart rate. Conclusions The use of the audiovisual material used as a method of distraction produces a global improvement in patient behaviour, but not in parental perception of the patient’s anxiety, self-reported anxiety, pain or heart rate according to the measurement scales used. This material is also highly accepted by paediatric patients.

 
 
 
 
 
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