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Study of the frequency, localisation and morphology of supernumerary teeth in 1960 Spanish non-syndromic paediatric patients
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  03/2015

Authors:  E. Ferrés-Amat*, I. Maura-Solivellas**, J. Prats-Armengol***, E. Ferrés-Amat****, J. Mareque-Bueno*****, E. Ferrés-Padró******

Language:  English

Institution:  Fundació Hospital de Nens de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, *DDS, PhD. Service of Pediatric Dentistry and Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona **MD, DDS. Head of the Service of Paediatryc Dentistry ***MD, DDS. Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Associate Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona ****DDS, MSc, PhD student, Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surg. *****MD, DMD, EBOMS, PhD. Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Lecturer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona ******MD, DMD, OMFS, PhD. Head of Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Hyperdontia, Mesiodens, Supernumerary teeth.

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Title:  Study of the frequency, localisation and morphology of supernumerary teeth in 1960 Spanish non-syndromic paediatric patients

Abstract:  Aim The main objective was to study supernumerary teeth diagnosed during the routine checkups at the Paediatric Dentistry Service of Hospital de Nens, Barcelona (Spain), for four months. Materials and methods A transversal, descriptive study, was performed in 1,960 patients, aged 1 to 17 years, visited during routine oral checkups. An intraoral exploration (with intraoral mirror and probe) was performed to all patients, and subjects older than 5 years also underwent panoramic x-ray examination. Reults A total of 33 patients showed supernumerary teeth (1.68%), 22 boys and 11 girls. A total of 10 patients (8 boys/2 girls) had supernumerary teeth in the temporary dentition, 20 patients (12 boys/8 girls) in the permanent dentition and 3 patients (2 boys/1girls) in both temporary and permanent dentition. A total of 46 supernumerary teeth were diagnosed. Conclusion Any alteration in the number of teeth in patients younger than 5 years are difficult to diagnose, as x-rays are usually not taken. We believe that starting at 5 years old, a radiological exploration (panoramic x-ray) has to be carried out as a complement to the clinical examination.

 
 
 
 
 
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