Title: Dental erosion: Prevalence and severity among 16-year-old adolescents in Troms, Norway
Abstract: Aim To study the prevalence, distribution and severity of dental erosion among 16-year-old adolescents in the Troms region of Norway.
Materials and methods Study design: The participants were recruited through the Tromsø-study (“Fit Futures”), and 392 16-year-olds were examined for dental erosion using clinical intraoral photographs. Three calibrated clinicians used the Visual Erosion Dental Examination (VEDE) system to register and grade the dental erosive wear.
Results More than one third (38%) of the participants showed dental erosion on at least one tooth surface, 18% were limited to the enamel, while 20% of the adolescents showed erosive wear extending into the dentine. The occlusal surfaces of the lower first molars, and the palatal surfaces of the maxillary incisors were the most often and most severely affected. Of the participants showing dental erosion, 93% exhibited “cuppings” on the molars, with 48% limited to the enamel and 52% extending into the dentine. The highest prevalence of “cuppings” (73%) was found on the first lower molars, especially the mesiobuccal cusp of the teeth. The prevalence and severity of dental erosion was found to be higher in male than in female participants (p < 0.0001).
Conclusions The results from this study indicate a high prevalence and severity of dental erosion among adolescents in Troms and stress the importance of information, early and effective diagnostics and implementation of prevention strategies.