Title: Preliminary study of the dental status of HIV-infected children monitored in a French paediatric hospital
Abstract: Aim The aim of the study was to investigate the dental status of French children aged 2-12 years treated for HIV infection, to determine any possible dental trends for the planning of paediatric dental care. Method Eighteen Caucasian children, mean age 8 years and 9 months, were examined for dmft and DMFT. Salivary tests using the CRT Intro Package were completed to assess mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli. Dietary histories, oral habits and fluoride usage were also recorded.
Results 33.3% (6/18) of children had primary, 55.6% (10/18) mixed, and 11.1% (2/18) permanent dentitions. There was clinical evidence of current or past dental caries in 61.1% (11/18) of the children. Only one child with a primary dentition had caries which was extensive but 80 % (8/10) of the children with mixed dentition had decayed, missing and/or filled teeth. However, 37.5% (3/8) had extensive caries, 37.5% (3/8) incipient lesions, and 25% (2/8) had both. Both of the children with permanent dentition had extensive caries. Conclusion Dental caries in HIV-infected children was thought to be associated only with the classic predisposing factors.