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Dental treatment of children using propofol and a laryngeal mask

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  03/2002

Authors:  J.S.J. Veerkamp*, T. Porcelijn**, R.J.M. Gruythuysen*

Language:  English

Institution:  *Department of Cariology, Endodontology, Pedodontology **Department of special dental care (SBT), Acta Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Propofol, Laryngeal mask, Dental sedation, Dental anaesthesia

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Title:  Dental treatment of children using propofol and a laryngeal mask

Abstract:  Aim Sedation regimens for toddlers and preschoolers are still open for further studies. Propofol is rapidly finding its way into medical routine. The aim of this pilot study was to re-evaluate the need for sedation in young children and to further investigate the use of propofol as an intravenous agent combined with the use of a flexible laryngeal mask for treatment of the youngest group of dental patients. Methods A randomised clinical trial with 54 children involved was conducted comparing one group receiving propofol sedation only with a study group receiving propofol with the use of a reinforced laryngeal mask. Assessments were made as to depth of sedation, quantity of propofol used, desaturations and recovery times. Results The use of a laryngeal mask improved the treatment conditions by decreasing the number of desaturations during treatment (p?0.001, t=5.74). When using a laryngeal mask, the average amount (in ml) of propofol used was significantly higher (p?0.016, t=-2.22) and the average waking up time in minutes significantly longer (p?0.016, t=-2.23). Conclusion It was also found that deepening the sedation to be able to insert the laryngeal mask effectively reached such a level that it should be renamed as anaesthesia, thereby possibly limiting its use to hospital settings. The study supported, however, the safety aspects of the laryngeal mask.

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