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A comparative assessment of changes in dental arches associated with different activation protocols of rapid maxillary expansion
Pubblication date: 03/2018
Authors: A. Baldini*, A. Nota*, C. Santariello, V. Assi**, F. Ballanti, P. Cozza
Institution: Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy
*Dental School, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy
**Edinburgh Clinical Trials Unit (ECTU), University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Title: A comparative assessment of changes in dental arches associated with different activation protocols of rapid maxillary expansion
Abstract: Aim The aim of this study is to compare dental arch changes associated with different activation protocols of maxillary expander.
Materials and Methods A sample of 101 subjects with constricted maxillary arches (49 males and 52 females; mean age 10.96 ± 1.91 years) was enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent RME with a stainless steel banded expander cemented to the maxillary first molars and the expansion screw was randomly activated with two different rapid maxillary expansion protocols (one-quarter per day or two quarters per day). The study also involved a control group of 22 subjects (10 females and 12 males, mean age 10.39 ± 1.32 years) who underwent no treatment. A statistical comparison between the dental arch measures obtained before and after treatment in the two groups was performed.
Results The Wilcoxon rank-sum test shows statistically significant differences of the measurement increases between the two activation protocols (at least p=0.01). Statistically significant differences were also reported in comparison with the control group.
Conclusions A faster activation protocol could be able to determine a greater anterior opening of the mid-palatal suture. Moreover, it seems to yield a higher width increase in the molar area.