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Influence of occlusal characteristics, food intake and oral hygiene habits on dental caries in adolescents: a cross-sectional study
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  06/2018

Authors:  D. Giugliano*, F. d’Apuzzo**, A. Majorana***, G. Campus****, F. Nucci*****, C. Flores-Mir******, L. Perillo*******

Language:  English

Institution:  *DDS, MS, Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy **DDS, MS, PhD student, Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy ***MD, MS, Professor, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Dental School, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy **** DDS, MS, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Medical, Surgical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy ***** DDS, Private Practice, Milan, Italy ******DDS, MS, PhD, Professor and Chair of the Postgraduate Orthodontic Programme, Department of Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada *******DDS, MS, PhD, Professor, Chair of the Postgraduate Orthodontic Programme, Head of the Orthodontic Programme, Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Dental caries; Malocclusions; Diet; Oral health; Social class.

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Email:  letizia.perillo@unicampania.it


Title:  Influence of occlusal characteristics, food intake and oral hygiene habits on dental caries in adolescents: a cross-sectional study

Abstract:  diseases affecting children. The complex multifactorial aetiology of caries involves host (saliva composition and tooth enamel characteristics), oral microflora and substrate (oral hygiene quality and dietary habits composition). Occlusal characteristics may be also a factor in dental caries development. The aim of this aepidemiologic study was to verify the association between DMFT (Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth) index and occlusal characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene habits and parents’ education level in a sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren from Southern Italy. Materials and Methods A sample of 536 children was examined to detect dental caries status and several occlusal variables (i.e. molar relationship, overjet and overbite, presence of crossbite, scissor bite, crowding, diastemas and/or midline deviation). A questionnaire to retrieve parents’ educational level, patient’s dietary and oral hygiene habits was administered. The associations among these variables were assessed statistically through the χ2 test. Results A positive association was found between caries, parents’ social status and some occlusal disorders. va specificato, l’abstract non può essere una caccia al tesoro. In relation to occlusal variables, crossbite (χ2=3.96, P=0.04) was significantly associated to caries. A significant association was also found between the education level of mothers (χ2=7.74, P<0.01) and fathers (χ2=6.35, P=0.01) and the presence of caries. Dietary habits, oral hygiene and remaining occlusal characteristics were not associated with caries presence (all P>0.05). Conclusions Of the evaluated occlusal characteristics only posterior crossbite was associated with caries prevalence. Education level of the parents was the other factor significantly associated with caries. Dietary habits, oral hygiene frequency and the remaining occlusal characteristics were not associated with dental caries.

 
 
 
 
 
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