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Relationship between Severe Early Childhood Caries and dental development
Pubblication date: 06/2018
Authors: E. Hazar Bodrumlu*, L. Demiriz*, S. Toprak**
Institution: * Assistant Professor, PhD, Bülent Ecevit University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Zonguldak, Turkey
** Associate Professor, PhD, Bülent Ecevit University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Publisher: Ariesdue Srl
Keywords: Dental age, Dental development, Severe early childhood caries.
Title: Relationship between Severe Early Childhood Caries and dental development
Abstract: Aim Severe early childhood caries (sECC) is a public health problem that continues to affect infants and preschool children worldwide. Knowledge of the changes in dental development is important for paediatric dentists in order to determine a treatment plan. The aim of this study was to investigate dental development in children with sECC, compared to age and gender-matched controls, by calculating the dental age (DA).
Materials and methods A total of 300 children (144 females, 156 males) with sECC aged 5 years were studied and compared with 300 control subjects (caries-free), case-matched for gender and age. The dental development was assessed using the DA estimation method of Demirjian et al. , and data were statistically analysed using a 2-sided t test and chi-squared test.
Results The mean differences between the DA and chronological age (CA) in the sECC females and males were 0.67±0.6 years and 0.98±0.6 years, respectively, whereas the results of the case controls were 1.44±0.8 years for the females and 1.57±0.6 years for the males. The differences between the sECC and case control groups were significant for both genders (p<0.001).
Conclusion Children with severe early childhood caries have lower rates of dental development when compared to normal children.