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On the structure of childhood dental fear, using the Dental Subscale of the Childrenís Fear Survey Schedule
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  06/2002

Authors:  M. Ten Berge* **, J.S.J. Veerkamp*, J. Hoogstraten** ***, P.J.M. Prins****

Language:  English

Institution:  *Department of Cariology, Endodontology, Pedodontology **Department of Social Dentistry and Dental Health Education, Academic Centre for Dentistry, Amsterdam, The Netherlands ***Department of Psychological Methods ****Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Factor structure, Dental fear, Children, Treatment, Validity

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Title:  On the structure of childhood dental fear, using the Dental Subscale of the Childrenís Fear Survey Schedule

Abstract:  Aim The aim of the present study was to assess the structure of childhood dental fear, using the Dutch parentís version of the Dental Subscale of the Childrenís Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS) and to report on its validity. Materials and methods Factor analysis (principal components, varimax rotation) was performed using the scores of a group of high fearful children (n=322). Results were compared with those from a previous study among low fearful children, also using the parentís version of the CFSS-DS. In addition, mean item scores between the samples were compared to examine specific differences. Results Factor analysis resulted in a stronger factor pattern than that found in previous research. Four factors accounting for 60% of the variance were found: 1) fear of general, less invasive aspects of dental treatment; 2) fear of medical aspects; 3) fear of drilling; 4) fear of strangers. Conclusion It was concluded that with increasing fear levels, underlying factors of dental fear can be distinguished more clearly. The CFSS-DS was indicated to be a reliable and valid measure of dental fear.

 
 
 
 
 
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