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Allergic manifestations to local anaesthetic agents for dental anaesthesia in children: a review and proposal of a new algorithm
Pubblication date: 03/2019
Authors: D. Peroni*, M. Pasini**, C. Iurato*, S. Cappelli*, G. Giuca**, M.R. Giuca**
Institution: *University of Pisa, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Paediatric Unit, Pisa, Italy
**University of Pisa, Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology and Critical Care, Dental Clinic, Pisa, Italy
Publication: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Title: Allergic manifestations to local anaesthetic agents for dental anaesthesia in children: a review and proposal of a new algorithm
Abstract: Aim The purpose of this review was to evaluate allergic manifestations to dental local anaesthetic (LA) in children and to propose an algorithm for the diagnosis of LA allergy, in order to minimise the number of children who are wrongly categorised as allergic.
Materials and methods A comprehensive literature survey was performed on LA allergy in children before a dental treatment. In proposing a diagnostic algorithm, evidences from literature have been integrated with personal experience.
Results Data from literature showed that overall less than 1% of young patients tested for suspected LA have a positive subcutaneous test and have a positive diagnosis. A complete diagnostic procedure should include: clinical history reported by patients, objective medical records, results of skin tests and provocation test with the suspected drug. Patients with negative skin tests should perform a subcutaneous challenge, while patients with a positive skin test should be tested for a different unrelated LA.
Conclusion Allergy to LA is a rare condition. A complete diagnostic algorithm will allow to identify paediatric patients correctly.