Title: Assessing changes in oral health-related quality of life and body growth in 3–5 years old children following dental treatment under general anaesthesia due to severe dental caries
Abstract: Aim To evaluate the impact of oral treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children with severe dental caries; to assess the effect of dental treatment under general anaesthesia on children’s weight (Wt), height (Ht) and Body Mass Index (BMI).
Methods One hundred uncooperative 3–5 years old children were selected. OHRQoL, assessed with the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS), Ht, Wt and BMI were measured at baseline and after 1 year from dental treatment under general anaesthesia. Statistics: All statistical procedures were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS for Windows). ANOVA analysis was made to assess the effect of GA procedures on oral health quality of life in uncooperative children.
Results After 1 year, the reductions for the ECHOIS components were statistically significant (P < 0.0001). Children showed a significant improvement in relation to pain, eating, sleeping and behavioural problems. At follow-up, there was a significant improvement in the anthropometric measures: 55% of children increased the percentile curves for weight and BMI; 44% for height.
Conclusions One year after a complete treatment under GA, both the OHRQoL and the growth improved.