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OSAS in developing age: Screening of a Southern Italy population
Pubblication date: 12/2019
Authors: S. Paduano, F.P. Paduano*, D. Aiello, L. Barbara, S. Zampogna**, R. Pujia, C. Malara, T. Cantile***, G.F. Ferrazzano***-****
Institution: Department of Health Science, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, Loc. Germaneto, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy.
*Humanitas University, Milan, Italy.
**”Pugliese-Ciaccio” Hospital, Catanzaro, Italy.
***School of Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Oral Sciences, University of Naples “Federico II”; Via Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy.
****Unesco Chair in "Health Education and Sustainable Development: Oral Health in Paediatric age", University of Naples "Federico II",Naples, Italy
Publication: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Title: OSAS in developing age: Screening of a Southern Italy population
Abstract: Aim The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of OSAS’ risk in children of the province of Catanzaro, Italy.
Materials and Methods A sample of 2445 scoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years of the province of Catanzaro (Italy) were administered the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaires (PSQs) in its validated Italian version. A total of 1772 questionnaires were collected; however, 130 of them were excluded, and 1642 questionnaires were accepted and scored.
Results According to final scores of questionnaires, 172 children (10.47%) were considered at risk for OSAS. No statistically significant association between sex and risk of OSAS was found (p = 0.189). The risk of OSAS was equally distributed in all ages (p = 0.984). It was found that the most common habits in children with risk of OSAS were: snoring, heavy or noisy breathing, oral breathing, xerostomia, difficulty waking up in the morning, behavioural disturbances during the day and excess weight.
Conclusion The study showed a high risk of OSAS, suggesting the importance of first-level screening and the need to pay special attention to the diagnosis of this syndrome.