Fast search with keyword It provides easy access to our database
Frequency and severity of dental caries in foster care children of Turin, Italy: a retrospective cohort study
Pubblication date: 31/2020
Authors: L. Valpreda1,3, P. Carcieri2,3, M. Cabras2, G. Vecchiati3, P. G. Arduino2, F. Bassi3,4
Institution: 1Private practice, Piedmont, Italy
2Department of Surgical Sciences, Oral Medicine Section, CIR-Dental School, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
3Oral prevention and community dentistry, CIR-Dental School, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
4Department of Surgical Sciences, Prosthodontic Section, CIR-Dental School, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
Publication: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Publisher: Ariesdue Srl
Keywords: Caries, Children, Foster-care, Special needs, Restrospective.
Title: Frequency and severity of dental caries in foster care children of Turin, Italy: a retrospective cohort study
Abstract: Aim Aim of this retrospective cohort study was to assess the frequency and severity of dental caries (DC) among foster care children in the city of Turin, in North West Italy, and to compare these data with those of a general paediatric population.
Materials and methods From May 2016 to September 2018, 75 paediatric subjects between the age of 4 and 12, located in 11 residential child care communities were recruited. Instructions were provided concerning oral health, caries and correlation with dietary habits. Oral and dental examination were carried out to establish frequency and severity of caries (not-penetrating, nPC, corresponding to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) codes: 1–4, vs. penetrating, PC, corresponding to ICDAS codes: 5-6). Decayed, missed, filled teeth (DMFT) index was used. Data for comparison were acquired from the WHO Collaboration Center For Epidemiology and Community Dentistry of Milan (WHO-CCOMS), belonging to a nationwide sample of 2,141 Italian children.
Results Only 13 subjects (17%) were caries-free; 187 caries were identified: 133 were PC, whereas 54 were nPC. Overall, 76% of the caries were found in deciduous teeth. Mean DMFT was 3.43 (D = 2.97; M = 0.24; F = 0.22). When the study data were compared to those from WHO-CCOMS, a significantly higher DMFT (3.43 vs 0.96; p <0.00001) and D (2.97 vs 0.62; p <0.00001) was detected.
Conclusion A significant higher frequency of caries in foster care children in Turin, Italy compared to the general population was detected.