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Maternal characteristics and treatment needs as predictors of dental health services utilisation among Mexican school children
Pubblication date: 20/2012
Authors: A. A. Vallejos-Sánchez1, C. E. Medina-Solís2, M. Minaya-Sánchez1, J. J. Villalobos-Rodelo,3,4 M. L. Márquez-Corona2, H. Islas-Granillo2, G. Maupomé5,6
Institution: 1 Faculty of Dentistry, Autonomous University of Campeche Campeche, Mexico
2 Academic Area of Dentistry, Health Sciences Institute at the Autonomous University of State of Hidalgo, Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico
3 Preventive Medicine Area, Family Medicine Unit of ISSSTE, Navolato, Sinaloa, Mexico
4 Faculty of Dentistry, Autonomous University of Sinaloa. Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
5 Indiana University / Purdue University at Indianapolis School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, USA
6 The Regenstrief Institute, Inc. Indianapolis, USA
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Publisher: Ariesdue Srl
Keywords: Oral Health, Dental Health Services, Dental Health Needs.
Title: Maternal characteristics and treatment needs as predictors of dental health services utilisation among Mexican school children
Abstract: Aim To determine whether maternal characteristics and treatment needs are associated with dental health services utilization (DHSU) in school children.
Material and methods A cross-sectional study in 1373 school children aged 6-12 years in elementary schools in Campeche, Mexico collected family and sociodemographic characteristics; an oral examination was conducted. The dependent variable was DHSU in the year preceding the study.
Results DHSU prevalence was 65.5%. The variables associated (p<0.05) with DHSU in the final multivariate model were age (OR=1.27), maternal schooling (OR=1.07), mother's attitude toward oral health (OR=1.39), frequency of tooth brushing (OR=1.83), enamel defects (OR=1.55), and unmet oral health needs (moderate: OR=1.42 and high: OR=2.30).
Conclusion Specific sociodemographic and maternal variables were associated with DHSU. Strategies are needed to increase appropriate and timely use of services to improve health status.