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Treatment effects of R-Appliance and Fränkel-2 in Class II division 1 malocclusions
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  /1/2013

Authors:  R. Showkatbakhsh*, M.I. Castaldo**, A. Jamilian***, G. Padricelli**, M. Fahimi Hanzayi****, S. Cappabianca***** L. Perillo******

Language:  English

Institution:  * Department of Orthodontics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ** Departments of Orthodontics, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy *** Department of Orthodontics, Dental Branch, Center of Craniofacial Research, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran **** Department of Orthodontics, Dental Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran ***** Department of Radiology, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy ****** Department of Orthodontics, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Class II Division 1; Fränkel 2; Functional Appliance; Mandibular deficiency; R-appliance.

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Title:  Treatment effects of R-Appliance and Fränkel-2 in Class II division 1 malocclusions

Abstract:  Aim The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a differently designed functional appliance (the R-appliance) with Fränkel-2. Study Design Twenty-seven patients (16 girls and 11 boys) with a mean age of 9.8 (SD 1.6) years were treated with the R-appliance for 15.4 (SD 0.4) months and twenty-seven (15 girls and 12 boys) patients with a mean age of 9.1 (SD 1.1) years were treated with a Fränkel-2 appliance for 19 (SD 5.6) months. All patients had Class II division 1 malocclusions due to mandibular deficiency and all of them had prepubertal stages of skeletal development. Lateral cephalograms obtained at the beginning (T1) and at the end (T2) of the study were analysed. Results Paired t-tests showed that SNB significantly increased in both groups. The incisor mandibular plane angle (IMPA) was reduced in the R-appliance group by 2.2 (SD 4.9) degrees (P < 0.03) but increased by 2.2 (SD 2.6) degrees (P < 0.001) in the Fränkel-2 group. The SNA in the R-appliance group showed an increase of 0.2 (SD 2) degrees (P < 0.6), while it was decreased by 0.4 (SD 0.5) degrees (P < 0.6) in the Fränkel-2 group. Conclusions Both treatment modalities were successful in moving the mandible forward. However, with the R-appliance, this was achieved without proclination of the lower incisors.

 
 
 
 
 
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