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Efficacy trial of Camouflage Syringe to reduce dental fear and anxiety
Pubblication date: /1/2013
Authors: S. Ujaoney1,2,3, M. Mamtani2,6, T. Thakre2,4, J. Tote1, V. Hazarey1, P. Hazarey5, H. Kulkarni2,6
Institution: 1Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, India
2Lata Medical Research Foundation, Nagpur, India
3Department of Advanced Education in General Dentistry, Case School of Dental Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
4Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA
5Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Sawangi (Meghe), India
6Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, USA
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Title: Efficacy trial of Camouflage Syringe to reduce dental fear and anxiety
Abstract: Aim Dental fear and anxiety in early childhood are widely prevalent and contribute to dental problems and behaviour in adulthood. Novel ways to reduce dental fear and anxiety in children are needed. Our aim was to conduct an efficacy trial of a novel Camouflage Syringe to reduce dental fear and anxiety in children.
Materials and methods Study Design: randomised controlled trial of efficacy of the Camouflage Syringe. We designed a Camouflage Syringe with a toy-like appearance that veils the conventional syringe to permit topical application and injection of local anaesthesia and ensure more involvement of the patient in the treatment process. We conducted a concurrent parallel, randomised controlled trial (NCT01398007) on the efficacy of this Camouflage Syringe to reduce the dental fear and anxiety in children seeking dental treatment who required the use of local anaesthesia.
Results Using Venhamís clinical rating scale, Venhamís picture test, parental stress questionnaire and recall questionnaire, the efficacy of the Camouflage Syringe to reduce dental fear and anxiety ranged from 82% to 97% for various outcomes and from 60 to 100% for prevention of related adverse outcomes. For all outcomes, the number needed to treat was close to unity.
Conclusion Our results strongly favour the use of Camouflage Syringe to reduce dental fear and anxiety in children.