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A long-term retrospective clinical study on MTA pulpotomies in immature permanent incisors with complicated crown fractures
Pubblication date: /1/2014
Authors: A. Caprioglio*, V. Conti*, C. Caprioglio**, D. Caprioglio***
Institution: *University of Insubria, Faculty of Medicine, School of Dentistry
**University of Pisa, Faculty of Medicine, School of Dentistry
***University of Parma, Faculty of Medicine, School of Dentistry
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Publisher: Ariesdue Srl
Keywords: Crown fracture; Incisors; Mineral Trioxide Aggregate; Pulpotomy.
Title: A long-term retrospective clinical study on MTA pulpotomies in immature permanent incisors with complicated crown fractures
Abstract: Aim The study was undertaken to evaluate mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) clinically and radiographically as a pulpotomy agent in immature permanent teeth whose pulps were exposed by a complicated crown fracture.
Material and methods Thirty incisors with exposed pulps in twenty-nine patients were examined for this retrospective study. According to exclusion criteria, only twenty-seven teeth were selected. Each tooth was treated with partial pulpotomy and the wounded pulp was covered with mineral trioxide aggregate. The children were recalled for clinical and radiographic evaluation at 3 months, 6 months, at approximately 12 months and 36 months.
Results Out of 27 cases, 22 were categorized as “healed” and 1 as “healing”. The remaining 4 ones highlighted persistent disease and needed further endodontic treatment.
Conclusion MTA partial pulpotomy is an effective treatment in maintaining pulpal vitality and allowing physiological root development (apexogensis).