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Clinical evaluation of specific oral and salivary findings of coeliac disease in eastern Turkish paediatric patients
Pubblication date: /1/2016
Authors: A. Dane*, T. Gürbüz**
Institution: *Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry,
zmir Katip Çelebi University, zmir, Turkey
**Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Title: Clinical evaluation of specific oral and salivary findings of coeliac disease in eastern Turkish paediatric patients
Abstract: Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate whether enamel defects (EDs), recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) and salivary findings in Eastern Turkish children with coeliac disease (CD), and to compare the results with healthy children.
Materials and methods Study Design: 70 children (35 CD patients and 35 healthy patients) aged between 5 to 15 years were included in this study. Intraoral examination was performed; saliva specimens were collected for analysis. Oral health conditions, tooth brushing frequency, saliva pH level, flow rate and buffering capacity were recorded. Kruskal-Wallis test was used for comparison of DMFT and dft index. Chi-squared test was used for the data of oral health status. The significance level was set at p= 0.05.
Results EDs were seen in 54.3% (19 patients) of the CD patients and more frequently than the controls (p < 0.05). Regarding RAS, 31.4% (11 patients) of the CD patients and none of control group had aphthous ulcers (p < 0.05). Salivary flow rate and buffering capacity were lower in CD patients (p < 0.05).
Conclusion The oral examination could be a significant contribution to the detection of CD. Especially paediatric dentists can play an important role in the early diagnosis and may help paediatricians about CD.