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Evaluation of masseter muscle in different vertical skeletal patterns in growing patients
Pubblication date: /1/2016
Authors: K. Biondi*, P. Lorusso, R. Fastuca, A. Mangano, P. A. Zecca, M. Bosco**, A. Caprioglio, L. Levrini
Institution: Department of Surgical and Morphological Sciences,
University of Insubria, Varese, Italy
*Private Practice, Filettole, Pisa, Italy
**Department of Surgical Diagnostic and Pediatric Clinical Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Title: Evaluation of masseter muscle in different vertical skeletal patterns in growing patients
Abstract: Aim The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between masseter size, maxillary intermolar width and craniofacial vertical skeletal pattern.
Materials and methods Study design: The study followed a prospective longitudinal design and enrolled 61 subjects (30 males and 31 females), 9-14 years of age (mean age 11.5) at 2-3 CVM stage. The participants were divided into three groups based on their vertical skeletal pattern which was estimated using the Frankfurt-mandibular plane angle: low-angle group (L-A), normal-angle group (N-A), high–angle group (H-A). An additional gender-based distinction was made. Maxillary intermolar width was measured on the maxillary cast of each patient by means of an electronic caliper; masseter volume was estimated by using magnetic resonance (MR) and masseter thickness was measured by means of ultrasonography (US). The US registrations were performed during the relaxation state (RS) and the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the muscle. The indipendent samples T- test was used for sex comparisons; the analysis of variance test (ANOVA) was used to evaluate the differences between the three groups in males and females, and the Pearson r correlation coefficient was employed to assess the correlation between maxillary intermolar width and masseter volume.
Conclusion Maxillary intermolar width, masseter volume and thickness showed significant gender differences; all the tested variables decreased significantly according to the facial vertical pattern, with greater values in females, especially in low- and normal-angle subjects; maxillary intermolar width and masseter volume showed significant correlations, higher in females.