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Treatment needs and predictive capacity of explanatory variables of oral disease in young athletes with an intellectual disability in Europe and Eurasia
Pubblication date: /1/2016
Authors: C. Fernandez*, I. Descamps*, K. Fabjanska**, I. Kaschke***, L. Marks*
Institution: *Centre of Special care in dentistry, PAECOMEDIS, Ghent University Hospital, Belgium
**Special Olympics, Healthy Athletes Special Smiles, Poland
***Special Olympics, Healthy Athletes Germany, Berlin, Germany
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Publisher: Ariesdue Srl
Keywords: Dental screening; Europe; Intellectual disability; Oral health; Special Olympics; Young athletes.
Title: Treatment needs and predictive capacity of explanatory variables of oral disease in young athletes with an intellectual disability in Europe and Eurasia
Abstract: Aim To evaluate the oral condition and treatment needs of young athletes with ID from 53 countries of Europe and Eurasia who participated in the Special Olympics European Games held in Antwerp, October 2014. Methods A cross-sectional study was undertaken with data collected through standardised procedures from consenting athletes under 21 years of age. Oral hygiene habits, reports of oral pain and presence of gingival signs, sealants, untreated caries and missing teeth were recorded. Statistics: Data analysis was performed in SPSS to produce descriptive statistics and explanatory variables for untreated decay, and gingival signs of disease were tested with Multilevel Generalized Linear Mixed Models. Results Five hundred three athletes participated in this study (mean age 17 yrs). Untreated decay was recorded in 33.4% of the participants and 38.7% of them had signs of gingival disease. Absence of untreated decay was associated with lower chances of gingival signs, while absence of sealants was related with higher chances of untreated decay. Conclusions There is consistent evidence of persistent need for increased promotion of oral health, as well as preventive and restorative treatment in young athletes with ID in Europe and Eurasia. Due to the limited predictive capacity of the studied variables for oral disease, further studies including other related factors are needed.