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The possibility of modification and improvement of dental services in Poland for children and adolescents with special emphasis on orthodontic service

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  /1/2018

Authors:  M. Tomaszewski, T. Matthews-Brzozowska

Language:  English

Institution:  Department and Clinic of Maxillofacial Orthopedics and Orthodontics, University of Medical Sciences in Poznan (Poland)

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Oral health of children and adolescents; Orthodontics; Public health; Privatization of dental care.

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Title:  The possibility of modification and improvement of dental services in Poland for children and adolescents with special emphasis on orthodontic service

Abstract:  Aim World Dental Federation reveals that dental caries is one of the most common diseases in the world, and as much as 90% of the population is facing oral cavity problems. About 28% of teenagers aged 10 and 15 absolutely needs orthodontic treatment and about another third of this age group represents very serious cases. The aim of this study is to verify the authorial model which modifies and facilitates the system of dental services in Poland with a special emphasis on orthodontic service. Material and method The research was carried out with the method of diagnostic survey through a survey questionnaire. For this study, 1159 people were questioned for the research. In order to check the reliance between the variables Pearson chi-square test and the test of the Highest Reliability were used. Average market prices and the “prices expected” by the Greater Poland Voivodship Department of National Healthcare System were used to price dental services. Results The research revealed that the highest percentage of people who used only private dental services is between 19 and 64 years of age and the lowest percentage is represented by the elderly, i.e. subjects over 65 years of age. As for the dental services offered by the National Health Fund, the highest percentage of patients are children and adolescents under 18 and the lowest percentage of patients is represented by people in the working age. The tendency towards private healthcare is in direct proportion to parents’ increase in the level of education. The main reason why parents take their children to a private dentist is the long waiting time for the visit offered by the National Health Fund as well as better materials and equipment offered by private dentists. The costs connected with extending the basket of guaranteed services for children and youngsters are combined with the increase in National Health Fund expenditure reaching EUR 7,014,151. The lack of refunding dental services for patients aged 19–64 will generate savings reaching about EUR 34,756,765. Conclusion The reduction of public funds allocated for dental treatment of patients aged 19–64 will generate savings which will satisfy the needs connected with the increase in the range of refunded orthodontic treatment with the use of orthodontic permanent braces for patients under 18 years of age. The solution suggested will only slightly affect people in the working age as they reveal a strong tendency for treatment financed with their private funds.

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