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Is there an association between various aspects of oral health in Southern Italy children? An epidemiological study assessing dental decays, periodontal status, malocclusions and temporomandibular joint function
Pubblication date: 27/2018
Authors: S. Paduano*, R. Rongo**, R. Bucci**, D. Aiello*, G. Carvelli*, A. Ingenito***, T. Cantile***, G.F. Ferrazzano***
Institution: *Department of Health, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy
**School of Orthodontics, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Oral Sciences; University of Naples “Federico II”, Naples, Italy
***School of Paediatric Dentistry, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Oral Sciences; University of Naples “Federico II”, Naples, Italy
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Title: Is there an association between various aspects of oral health in Southern Italy children? An epidemiological study assessing dental decays, periodontal status, malocclusions and temporomandibular joint function
Abstract: Aim To describe the current oral health status of primary school children in Southern Italy, to investigate if there is an association between malocclusions and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), and to investigate if there is an association between dental caries and periodontal disease.
Methods Study design: Transversal epidemiological study. We examined 1086 children, considering them of the same socioeconomic status (medium). The Decayed, Missing, Filled (DMF) index and the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) were used to assess decay and periodontal status. Moreover, orthodontic and gnathologic evaluations were performed.
Results Children had a mean age of 10.3±0.72 yrs, 41.6% had active dental caries in permanent teeth and 54.8% experienced periodontal problems. The 54.3% of patients had Angle Class I, 40.1% Class II and 5.5% Class III. The 13.8% of children had a deviated opening pattern of the mandible, and 2.2% of them had TMJ pain. DMF indices greater than 0 were associated with positive CPI. Males were more susceptible to periodontal disease, compared to females. TMJ pain was found associated with a decreased overbite. Statistics: Descriptive statistics for continuous data, and frequencies and percentages for categorical and ordinal data were calculated. Univariate linear and logistic regression model, with β calculations, was used to assess associations between dental caries status and CPI, and between malocclusions and gnathologic aspects.
Conclusions This study found a noticeable prevalence of oral diseases among children of Southern Italy and an association between malocclusions and TMDs, periodontal disease and dental decay. Thus, a higher number of preventive interventions are recommended in the area.