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Dental behaviour management problems and associated factors in Brazilian children
 

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  /1/2020

Authors:  P. F. Kramer1, L. Corrêa Brusco2, M. C. Ilha3, J. Bervian2, F. Vargas-Ferreira4, C. A. Feldens1

Language:  English

Institution:  1DDS, MS, PhD Adjunct Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA), Canoas, RS, Brazil 2DDS, MS, PhD - Adjunct Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Universidade de Passo Fundo (UPF), Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil 3DDS, MS, PhD - Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Universidade Luterana do Brasil (ULBRA), Canoas, RS, Brazil 4DDS, MS, PhD - Adjunct Professor, Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:  Child behaviour, Anxiety, Behavioural control, Dental fear and anxiety.

Email:  [email protected]

URL:  https://ejpd.eu/EJPD_2020_03_06.pdf


Title:  Dental behaviour management problems and associated factors in Brazilian children

Abstract:  Aim To identify factors associated with negative child behaviour in the dental setting. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 324 mother-child pairs (children aged 3 to 12 years) seen at a university clinic in Canoas, southern Brazil. Motherís anxiety was measured using the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Oral examinations were performed to determine caries experience (dmft/DMFT index) in the mothers and children. Child behaviour was evaluated at six moments of the dental visit using the Frankl scale. Statistical analysis involved Poisson regression with robust variance. Results The prevalence of negative child behaviour was 9.3%, with a greater frequency among younger children, those with no previous use of dental services and those whose mothers exhibited a moderate to severe level of anxiety. The multivariable analysis demonstrated that the probability of negative behaviour was 2.4-fold greater among children who had not previous dental services attendance (PR = 2.37, 95% CI:1.13-4.95; p=0.022) and 3.1-fold greater among those whose mothers had a moderate to severe level of anxiety (PR = 3.08, 95% CI:1.64-5.75; p<0.001). Conclusion Motherís anxiety, younger age and no previous history of visiting a dentist are associated with negative behaviour during a dental appointment and therefore merit special attention.

 
 
 
 
 
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