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Paediatric dentists’ knowledge of behavioural management principles in Tamil Nadu, India
Pubblication date: 17/2021
Authors: A.R. Senthil Eagappan1, N. Nagappan2, D. Senthil4, K. Jayanthi3, V. Dhanalakshmi3, R.A Sowmiyasree3, B. Narayanan5
Institution: Chettinad Dental College & Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Chennai, India
1Professor, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry
2Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry
³Postgraduate student, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry
4Reader, Department of Pedodontics, SRM Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai, India
5Lecturer, Department of Speech, Hearing & Communication, NIEPMD, Chennai, India
Publication: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Publisher: Ariesdue Srl
Keywords: Behavioural management; Children; Paediatric dentistry; India.
Title: Paediatric dentists’ knowledge of behavioural management principles in Tamil Nadu, India
Abstract: Aim Behaviour management is one of the essential skills of paediatric dentists. Appropriate use of behavioural principles helps the child in developing the skills and behaviours necessary to willingly undergo dental care, not hindered by undue anxiety or fear. However, very little is known about the knowledge of principles regarding behaviour management among paediatric dentists. Contingency management which is based on the principles of behaviour analysis is a widely accepted behavioural management technique and it includes reinforcement and punishment. The aim and objective of this study was to assess the knowledge of paediatric dentists regarding behavioural management principles related to contingency management.
Materials and methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among paediatric dental professionals and post-graduate students pursuing masters in paediatric dentistry across Tamil Nadu, India using Knowledge of Behavioural Principles as Applied to Children (KBPAC) questionnaire modified for the dental setting. The data were obtained, tabulated and statistically analysed using SPSS.
Results Responses were obtained from 130 participants, comprising 67 paediatric dental professionals and 63 post-graduate students. The overall average knowledge score was 40.72%. The mean knowledge level of paediatric dental professionals was (0.4378) versus (0.3597) among post-graduate students (p <0.05).
Conclusion Knowledge of behavioural management principles related to contingency management among paediatric dentists in Tamil Nadu, India is low.