Title: Rapid maxillary expansion for interceptive orthodontic treatment of palatally displaced canine: A systematic review
Abstract: Aim The present systematic review aims to summarise the relevant randomised clinical trials and estimate the efficacy of interceptive orthodontic intervention, in particular if an interceptive treatment with rapid maxillary expansion could be successful in managing of palatally displaced canines (PDCs).
Materials and methods A search strategy was developed on electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane Collaboration Trial from 1925 to 2019. Two reviewers independently reviewed the sources deciding for a full reading according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Methodological quality criteria were applied to the selected articles.
Results Three randomised clinical trials (RCTs) and one prospective longitudinal study were included in the systematic review. Generally, the intervention groups showed a higher incidence of successful eruption of PDCs (45.1% - 65.7%) compared with the control groups (13.1% - 13.6%).
Conclusions Based on the literature published, authors reached a reasonable conclusion that rapid maxillary expansion can facilitate the eruption of PDCs. Authors suggest to associate maxillary expansion with deciduous canine extraction or prevention of mesial movement of the upper first molars.