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Early Childhood Caries underweight or overweight, that is the question
Pubblication date: 31/2011
Authors: A. Vania***, V. Parisella**, F. Capasso**, G.L. Di Tanna****, A. Vestri****, M. Ferrari*****, A. Polimeni*-**
Institution: “Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy
*Dean of Oral Science
**Department of Pediatric Dentistry
***Department of Pediatrics
****Department of Public Health and Infectious Disease
***** Department of Oral and Ophthalmology Science, University of Siena, Italy
Publication: European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry
Publisher: Ariesdue Srl
Keywords: BMI; Early childhood caries; Overweight; Underweight.
Title: Early Childhood Caries underweight or overweight, that is the question
Abstract: Aim The purpose of this retrospective case study is to describe the body mass index in a group of children, from 3 to 6 years old with ECC and a similar group of caries-free children.
Materials and methods This case-control analysis involves two groups of children: the first was of 244 healthy children, 3 to 6 year-old and caries-free; the second was of 586 otherwise healthy children, same age, with Early Childhood Caries divided into three subgroups according the AAPD definition. Demographics, dmft, number teeth with pulpal involvement, BMI percentile, weight at birth, weight and height of both parents were measured during the clinical evaluation. Statistical analyses were performed using standard statistical software (SPSS Version 13). BMI distribution of the subjects with caries was graphically compared with the use of confidence intervals to a similar caries-free sample.
Results Results are expressed as mean ± SD and frequencies (percentages), depending on the data type. The distribution of BMI percentiles of the ECC group was: underweight = 10%; normal weight = 55.90%; at risk of overweight = 22.22 %; overweight = 11.11%. Significantly, more children in the case group were underweight than in the control group (10% vs. 4.94%) .
Conclusion The ECC population does not have a typical weight distribution, and the underweight finding in a significant number of Severe ECC (S-ECC) children may be due to the chewing alteration related to the dental pain due to caries and to missing teeth after hard tissues breakdown.