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Association between dental caries and obesity in preschool children

Type:  Articles

Pubblication date:  /1/2013

Authors:  C.E. Yen*, S.W. Hu**

Language:  English

Institution:  *Department of Early Childhood Development and Education, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan **Institute of Oral Sciences, College of Oral Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan Department of Dentistry, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Publication:  European Journal of Paediatic Dentistry

Publisher:  Ariesdue Srl

Keywords:   Body Mass Index; Dental caries; Obesity; Preschool children; Weight-for-height Index.

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Email:  [email protected]

Title:  Association between dental caries and obesity in preschool children

Abstract:  Aim The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between dental caries and obesity in preschool children. Materials and methods A total of 329 preschool children were recruited from nine day care centers. A qualified dentist examined the oral health of each child and a caries score was recorded. Anthropometric measurements included body weight, height, triceps skinfold thickness, and body fat. Body mass index, and weight-for-height index were calculated. Parents or guardians answered a questionnaire regarding their children’s dietary patterns, oral hygiene habits, and medical history, as well as parental practices and attitudes towards their children’s oral health. Results The prevalence of dental caries was 73% in this study. Fourteen percent of the children were overweight or obese. The caries scores were not significantly different according to weight-for-height index categories. After taking into account important factors in the multiple regression models, body mass index and weight-for-height index, respectively, were not significantly associated with dental caries. Conclusion This study showed that obesity was not significantly associated with dental caries in preschool children.

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